Chronology

//Chronology
Chronology 2017-09-11T01:19:29+00:00

1871

Birth of Hadj Nematollah, Ostad Elahi’s father, in the village of Jeyhunabad in Western Iran

1894

Marriage of Ostad Elahi’s parents

1895

Birth of Ostad Elahi on September 11 in Jeyhunabad

1900

Inception of Hadj Nematollah’s mystical lifestyle following a spiritual transformation

1901

Introduction to the tanbur, an ancient lute devoted to sacred music

1905

Beginning of 12-year cycle of ascetic retreats at the age of nine

1905

Mastery of the tanbur

1906

Spiritual transformation at the age of 11

1906

Birth of Malak Jan, Ostad Elahi’s sister, who would later continue his teachings

1916

Completion of 12-year cycle of ascetic retreats

1917

Marriage of Ostad Elahi

1920

Passing of Hadj Nematollah

1922

First trip to Tehran, where he remains for one year

1929

Second trip to Tehran for a yearlong sojourn

1930

Beginning of government employment at the Bureau of Land Registration and Public Acts of Kermanshah

1932

Employment at the Bureau of Land Registration and Public Acts of Tajrish

1932

Enrollment in the National School of Jurisprudence; ongoing employment at the Bureau of Land Registration and Public Acts of Tajrish

1934

First assignment as Justice of the Peace in Larestan

1937

Appointment as Surrogate Judge and Examining Magistrate in Shiraz

1939

Appointment as Public Prosecutor of Khorramabad

1941

Appointment as Chief Judge of the Misdemeanor Court and Member of the Land Restitution Commission in the province of Kermanshah

1944

Appointment as Chief Judge of the District Court in Kerman and its Commercial Part with jurisdiction over price-fixing claims

1944

Appointment as Public Prosecutor of the Court of Appeals of Kermanshah

1945

Appointment as Public Prosecutor of Qom

1947

Leave of absence

1948

Appointment as Public Prosecutor of the Court of Appeals of Kermanshah

1949

Appointment as Public Prosecutor of the Court of Appeals of Azerbaijan

1949

Appointment as Director of the Ministry of Justice and as Chief Judge of the Commercial Court in Jahrom

1952

Appointment as Public Prosecutor of Tehran

1955

Appointment as Public Prosecutor and then Chief Judge of the Criminal Court of Appeals for the province of Mazandaran

1957

Early retirement at the age of 62 after 27 years of government service; settles in Tehran

1963

Publication of “Borhan ol-Haqq” (Demonstration of the Truth)

1967

Publication of “Hashieh bar Haqq ol-Haqayeq” (Commentary on The Book of the Kings of Truth)

1969

Publication of “Marefat ol-Ruh” (Knowing the Spirit)

1974

Passes away at the age of 79 in Tehran

1978

Publication of the first volume of “Asar ol-Haqq” (Traces of Truth), a collection of his oral teachings

1982

Destruction of his tomb in Hashtgerd

1984

Reconstruction of his memorial in Hashtgerd

1985

Creation of the Nour Foundation in the United States, a public charitable and nongovernmental organization inspired by the life and work of Ostad Elahi

1992

Publication of the second volume of “Asar ol-Haqq” (Traces of Truth)

1993

Passing of Malak Jan, also known by the honorific Sheykh Jani

1995

Commemoration of the centenary of Ostad Elahi’s birth

2000

Creation of The Ostad Elahi Foundation: Ethics and Human Solidarity in Paris, France

2014

Opening of The Sacred Lute: The Art of Ostad Elahi, a special exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York

Note: In Iran’s nascent judicial system modeled after the French inquisitorial or nonadversarial system, the court was actively involved in investigating and examining the facts of a criminal case. As such, judges essentially played a dual role by serving as either standing or seated judges: standing judges would act as public prosecutors by examining and presenting the government’s case to the seated judge(s) presiding over the matter. A natural progression in the judiciary therefore entailed beginning in the lower courts as a standing judge and eventually becoming a seated judge in the district and appellate courts. As reflected in this chronology and for reasons more fully explained under the Judiciary section of this site, Ostad Elahi’s career did not always follow this natural progression.